Why a maritime focus is vital for Vietnam’s security

Euan Graham and Bich T. Tran, for The Strategist

Geography influences the strategic choices of all countries, but Vietnam is an interesting case of a ‘swing’ state in comparative grand-strategy terms. The country occupies the eastern part of the Indochinese Peninsula, with an elongated coastline of 3,260 kilometres facing the South China Sea.…

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Jakarta gets ‘grey-zoned’ by Beijing

Author: Evan A Laksmana, NUS, for East Asia Forum

China is subjecting Indonesia to maritime grey zone tactics — competitive acts between states short of all-out warfare — in the North Natuna Sea. China pursues these objectives in the knowledge that Indonesia will fail to properly respond.

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Pouring cold water on Jokowi’s maritime ambitions

Author: Demas Nauvarian and Putu Shangrina Pramudia, CSGS, for East Asia Forum

On 26 July 2022, Indonesian President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in China. The meeting was a surprise given Beijing’s strict zero-COVID-19 policy. A main outcome was the renewal of the memorandum of understanding on cooperation between Indonesia’s Global Maritime…

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Navigating maritime security in the Bay of Bengal

Author: Troy Lee-Brown, UWA, for East Asia Forum

The year 2022 marks the 30th anniversary of the strategic partnership between ASEAN and India, but there are new opportunities for mutually beneficial cooperation. Southeast Asian states should strengthen their regional maritime security by cooperating with the Bay of Bengal Initiative for…

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Can minilateralism in the South China Sea finally generate progress?

Author: Maria Alynna Corinne M. Carlos, University of the Philippines, for East Asia Forum

The South China Sea (SCS) is highly prized for its economic and strategic value. Competing claims over the maritime area have slowed multilateral cooperation among states and disputes have been counter-productive to resolving security concerns in the region. Beyond territorial borders, terrorism,…

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China’s efforts to reel in overfishing

Hongzhou Zhang, RSIS and Genevieve Donnellon-May, University of Oxford

Global fish stocks are facing a crisis, with nearly all classified as either fully exploited, overexploited or significantly depleted. China is the largest contributor to this problem as a world leader in both fishery exports and imports. It is simultaneously responsible for 15 per cent of the…

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Quad maritime security initiative holds promise for the Indo-Pacific’s southern flank

Jeffrey McGee and Anthony Bergin, for The Strategist

At the recent Quad leaders’ summit in Tokyo, Australia, India, Japan and the US launched the Indo-Pacific Partnership for Maritime Domain Awareness, an initiative aimed at strengthening maritime security in the region. Apart from one very useful explainer and David Brewster’s excellent recent…

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New satellite-based technologies a game changer for Indo-Pacific maritime security

David Brewster, for The Strategist

A revolution is now happening in maritime domain awareness that will have a profound impact on maritime security in the Indo-Pacific. The Quad’s Indo-Pacific Partnership for Maritime Domain Awareness, announced at the leaders’ summit in Tokyo in May, will combine new satellite-based technologies…

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South Korea ventures into its Indo-Pacific strategy

Seungjoo Lee, Chung-Ang University, for East Asia Forum

Strategic competition between the United States and China has dramatically revealed the vulnerabilities of the ideological and institutional foundations of globalisation. The Biden administration is actively promoting the ‘reshoring’ of production to contain China and alleviate supply chain…

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